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Structural analysis of N-glycans from gull egg white glycoproteins and egg yolk IgG

Reputable Mentor II
Reputable Mentor II
Suzuki N, Su TH, Wu SW, Yamamoto K, Khoo KH, Lee YC.
Glycobiology. 2009 Jul;19(7):693-706.
We previously showed that the expression of (Gal alpha 1-4Gal)-bearing glycoproteins among birds is related to their phylogeny. However, precise structures of (Gal alpha 1-4Gal)-containing N-glycans were only known for pigeon egg white glycoproteins and IgG. To compare structural features of (Gal alpha 1-4Gal)-containing N-glycans from other species, we analyzed N-glycans of gull egg white (GEW)-glycoproteins, ovomucoid, and ovotransferrin, and gull egg yolk IgG by HPLC, mass spectrometry (MS), and MS/MS analyses. GEW-glycoproteins included neutral, monosialyl, and disialyl N-glycans, and some of them contained Gal alpha 1-4Gal sequences. Bi-, tri-, and tetra-antennary oligosaccharides that lacked bisecting GlcNAc were the major core structures, and incomplete alpha-galactosylation and sialylation as well as the presence of diLacNAc on the branches generated microheterogeneity of the N-glycan structures. Moreover, unlike pigeon egg white glycoproteins, the major sialylation in GEW-glycoproteins is alpha2,3-, but not alpha2,6-linked sialic acids (NeuAc). In addition to the complex-type oligosaccharide, hybrid-type oligosaccharides that lack bisecting GlcNAc were also abundant in GEW-glycoproteins. Gull egg yolk IgG also contained Gal alpha 1-4Gal beta 1-4GlcNAc beta 1- sequences, but unlike pigeon IgG, no Gal alpha 1-4Gal beta 1-4Gal beta 1-4GlcNAc beta 1- sequence was detected. Bi- and tri-antennary complex-type oligosaccharides with bisecting GlcNAc and with core fucosylation as well as high-mannose-type oligosaccharides were the major structures in gull IgG. Our data indicated that some N-glycans from both GEW-glycoproteins and gull IgG contain the Gal alpha 1-4Gal beta 1-4GlcNAc beta 1- sequence, but the ratio of alpha-Gal-capped residues to non-alpha-Gal-capped residues in the nonreducing termini of N-glycans is much lower than that in those of pigeon glycoproteins.
Department of Biology, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA.
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