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Nuclear export inhibition through covalent conjugation and hydrolysis of Leptomycin B by CRM1.

Reputable Mentor II
Reputable Mentor II
Sun Q, Carrasco YP, Hu Y, Guo X, Mirzaei H, Macmillan J, Chook YM.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jan 22;110(4):1303-8.
The polyketide natural product Leptomycin B inhibits nuclear export mediated by the karyopherin protein chromosomal region maintenance 1 (CRM1). Here, we present 1.8- to 2.0-Å-resolution crystal structures of CRM1 bound to Leptomycin B and related inhibitors Anguinomycin A and Ratjadone A. Structural and complementary chemical analyses reveal an unexpected mechanism of inhibition involving covalent conjugation and CRM1-mediated hydrolysis of the natural products' lactone rings. Furthermore, mutagenesis reveals the mechanism of hydrolysis by CRM1. The nuclear export signal (NES)-binding groove of CRM1 is able to drive a chemical reaction in addition to binding protein cargoes for transport through the nuclear pore complex.
Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9041, USA.
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