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Metabonomics of newborn screening dried blood spot samples: a novel approach in the screening and diagnostics of inborn errors of metabolism

Reputable Mentor II
Reputable Mentor II
Dénes J, Szabó E, Robinette SL, Szatmári I, Szőnyi L, Kreuder JG, Rauterberg EW, Takáts Z.
Anal Chem. 2012 Nov 20;84(22):10113-20.
A novel, single stage high resolution mass spectrometry-based method is presented for the population level screening of inborn errors of metabolism. The approach proposed here extends traditional electrospray tandem mass spectrometry screening by introducing nanospray ionization and high resolution mass spectrometry, allowing the selective detection of more than 400 individual metabolic constituents of blood including acylcarnitines, amino acids, organic acids, fatty acids, carbohydrates, bile acids, and complex lipids. Dried blood spots were extracted using a methanolic solution of isotope labeled internal standards, and filtered extracts were electrosprayed using a fully automated chip-based nanospray ion source in both positive and negative ion mode. Ions were analyzed using an Orbitrap Fourier transformation mass spectrometer at nominal mass resolution of 100,000. Individual metabolic constituents were quantified using standard isotope dilution methods. Concentration threshold (cutoff) level-based analysis allows the identification of newborns with metabolic diseases, similarly to the traditional electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) method; however, the detection of additional known biomarkers (e.g., organic acids) results in improved sensitivity and selectivity. The broad range of detected analytes allowed the untargeted multivariate statistical analysis of spectra and identification of additional diseased states, therapeutic artifacts, and damaged samples, besides the metabolic disease panel.
Biomolecular Medicine, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, United Kingdom.
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