on 05-01-201210:49 AM - edited on 10-15-202111:24 AM by AnalyteGuru
Erve JC, Beyer CE, Manzino L, Talaat RE. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2009 Dec;23(24):4003-12. Analyzing brain microdialysate samples by mass spectrometry is challenging due to the high salt content of the artificial cerebral spinal fluid (aCSF), low analyte concentrations and small sample volumes collected. A drug and its major metabolites can be examined in brain microdialysates by targeted approaches such as selected reaction monitoring (SRM) which provides selectivity and high sensitivity. However, this approach is not well suited for metabolite profiling in the brain which aims to determine biotransformation pathways. Identifying minor metabolites, or metabolites that arise from brain metabolism, remains a challenge and, for a drug in early discovery, identification of metabolites present in the brain can provide useful information for understanding the pharmacological activity and potential toxicological liabilities of the drug. A method is described here for rapid metabolite profiling in brain microdialysates that involves sample clean-up using C18 ZipTips to remove salts followed by direct infusion nanoelectrospray with an LTQ/Orbitrap mass spectrometer using real-time internal recalibration. Full scan mass spectra acquired at high resolving power (100 K at m/z 400) were examined manually and with mass defect filtering. Metabolite identification was aided by sub-parts-per-million mass accuracy and structural characterization was accomplished by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) experiments in the Orbitrap or LTQ depending on the abundance of the metabolite. Using this approach, brain microdialysate samples from rats dosed with one of four CNS drugs (imipramine, reboxetine, citalopram or trazodone) were examined for metabolites. For each drug investigated, metabolites, some of which not previously reported in rat brain, were identified and characterized.