on 05-01-201210:48 AM - edited on 10-15-202111:16 AM by Closed Account
Beuck S, Schänzer W, Thevis M. J Mass Spectrom. 2011 Feb;46(2):112-30. The metabolic fate of the emerging drug candidate S107, possessing the potential for misuse as performance-enhancing agent in sports, was investigated by in vitro phase I and II experiments with human microsomal and S9 liver enzymes. The metabolites were identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with electrospray ionisation in positive mode (LC-ESI-MS/MS). Their collision-induced dissociation behaviour was studied by high-resolution/high accuracy Orbitrap MS(n) analysis, supported by stable isotope labelling, H/D-exchange experiments and density functional theory calculations. Monooxygenation accounted for the main phase I metabolic transformation due to N- and S-oxidation of the 1,4-benzothiazepine core, as substantiated by chemical synthesis, selective reduction methods and characteristic APCI in source fragmentation behaviour of the metabolites. Another dominant metabolic pathway was demethylation, yielding the N- and O-demethylated metabolite, respectively. The latter was further conjugated by glucuronidation as well as sulfonation in subsequent phase II metabolic reactions, whereas the N-demethylated metabolite was not amenable to conjugation. The active drug molecule itself was converted to two glucuronic acid conjugates, which are proposed to consist of two quaternary S107-N(+)-glucuronide isomers. All glucuronides were susceptible to enzymatic hydrolysis with β-glucuronidase (Escherichia coli). A comprehensive LC-ESI-MS(/MS)-based detection method for urine was developed and its fitness for purpose was assessed. The assay can serve as a potential screening and/or confirmation method for S107 in clinical drug testing and doping control analysis in the future.