on 08-24-201204:20 AM - edited on 10-15-202111:10 AM by AnalyteGuru
Zhao J, Liu YH, Reichert P, Pflanz S, Pramanik B. J Mass Spectrom. 2010 Dec;45(12):1416-25. Interleukin-23 (IL-23) is a heterodimeric cytokine, a central factor in chronic/autoimmune inflammation. It signals through a heterodimeric receptor consisting of IL-23r, which is heavily glycosylated. The structural characterization of IL-23r has not been reported. In this work, glycosylation profiles of soluble recombinant human IL-23r (rhIL-23r) were established using mass spectrometry (MS), which included defining glycosylation sites, degree of glycosylation occupancy of each site and structure of attached oligosaccharides. Specifically, precursor ion scan of oxonium ion protonated N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc(+)) (m/z 204) was performed using a triple quadrupole MS instrument to locate the retention time of glycopeptides. Both the glycopeptides and their corresponding deglycosylated forms in each collected HPLC fraction were studied by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) (LTQ-Orbitrap) for glycosylation site profiling. The attached glycan structures were elucidated by collision-induced dissociation (CID) fragmentation of target glycopeptides in combination with accurate mass measurement. Eight glycosylation sites were identified on IL-23r (Asn24, Asn209, Asn239, Asn157, Asn118, Asn250, Asn58 and Asn6). Most of the glycosylation sites were > 95% occupied except Asn250 and Asn6. Those two sites were 88% and 45% occupied by estimation from trypsin digestion and were 55% and 42% occupied from LysC digestion. Multiple glycoforms were observed in IL-23r. Most of them were bi-, tri- or tetra-antennary complex type structures with fucose and sialic acid. High mannose and hybrid type glycans were only observed on Asn157. The structural characterization on IL-23r glycosylation provides useful information for better understanding of the biological function of IL-23r.