on 10-09-201209:27 AM - edited on 10-15-202107:16 AM by Closed Account
Kostelanska M, Dzuman Z, Malachova A, Capouchova I, Prokinova E, Skerikova A, Hajslova J. J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Sep 14;59(17):9303-12. The co-occurrence of the major Fusarium mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) and its conjugate deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside (DON-3-Glc) has been documented in infected wheat. This study reports on the fate of this masked DON within milling and baking technologies for the first time and compares its levels with those of the free parent toxin. The fractionation of DON-3-Glc and DON in milling fractions was similar, tested white flours contained only approximately 60% of their content in unprocessed wheat grains. No substantial changes of both target analytes occurred during the dough preparation process, i.e. kneading, fermentation, and proofing. However, when bakery improvers enzymes mixtures were employed as a dough ingredient, a distinct increase up to 145% of conjugated DON-3-Glc occurred in fermented dough. Some decrease of both DON-3-Glc and DON (10 and 13%, respectively, compared to fermented dough) took place during baking. Thermal degradation products of DON, namely norDON A, B, C, D, and DON-lactone were detected in roasted wheat samples and baked bread samples by means of UPLC-Orbitrap MS. Moreover, thermal degradation products derived from DON-3-Glc were detected and tentatively identified in heat-treated contaminated wheat and bread based on accurate mass measurement performed under the ultrahigh mass resolving power. These products, originating from DON-3-Glc through de-epoxidation and other structural changes in the seskviterpene cycle, were named norDON-3-Glc A, B, C, D, and DON-3-Glc-lactone analogically to DON degradation products. Most of these compounds were located in the crust of experimental breads.