on 08-23-201205:58 AM - edited on 10-15-202111:13 AM by AnalyteGuru
Kuzmanov U, Jiang N, Smith CR, Soosaipillai A, Diamandis EP. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2009 Apr;8(4):791-8. Ovarian cancer causes more deaths than any other gynecological disorder. Perturbed glycosylation is one of the hallmarks of this malignancy. Kallikrein 6 (KLK6) elevation in serum is a diagnostic and prognostic indicator in ovarian cancer. The majority of ovarian carcinomas express high levels of KLK6, which diffuses into the circulation. Under physiological conditions, KLK6 is expressed highly in the central nervous system and found at high levels in cerebrospinal fluid from where it enters the circulation. Our aim was to characterize and compare the N-glycosylation status of this protein in ovarian cancer ascites fluid and cerebrospinal fluid. Anion-exchange chromatography was used to reveal different post-translational modifications on the two isoforms. Mobility gel shift Western blot analysis coupled with glycosidase digestion showed that the molecular weight difference between the two isoforms was because of differential glycosylation patterns. The presence of a single N-glycosylation site on KLK6 was confirmed by site-directed mutagenesis. Using a Sambucus nigra agglutinin-monoclonal antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay approach, it was shown that ovarian cancer-derived KLK6 was modified with alpha2-6-linked sialic acid. The structure and composition of glycans of both KLK6 isoforms was elucidated by glycopeptide monitoring with electrospray ionization-Orbitrap tandem mass spectrometry. Therefore, the extensive and almost exclusive sialylation of KLK6 from ovarian cancer cells could lead to the development of an improved biomarker for the early diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma.