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Comparative study of low- versus high-resolution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometric strategies for measuring perfluorinated contaminants in fish

Reputable Mentor II
Reputable Mentor II
Kadar H, Veyrand B, Antignac JP, Durand S, Monteau F, Le Bizec B.
Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2011 Sep;28(9):1261-73.
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are usually monitored by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) on triple quadrupole instruments. Although not yet widely implemented in the field, high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) today appears as a valuable alternative for these halogenated chemicals due to their significant mass defect. Indeed, this second approach offers a way to cope with particular matrix effects caused by co-eluting and isobaric interferences affecting the measurement of some PFCs in fish. The present study compares three different LC-MS-related instruments and various signal acquisition modes, from low-resolution full-scan and selected ion-monitoring (SIM) mode on a triple quadrupole (QqQ) instrument to high-resolution full-scan or product ion-scan mode on orbital trap (LTQ-Orbitrap) or quadrupole-time-of-flight (Q-TOF) devices. Performances are compared for seven model compounds belonging to seven PFCs subclasses: perfluoralkylsulfonate, perfluoroalkylcarboxylate, perfluoroalkylsulfinate, perfluoroalkyl-sulfonamide, fluorotelomer saturated acid, fluorotelomer unsaturated acid and perfluoroalkylphosphonic acid. Low-resolution MS/MS was found to be unsurprisingly reliable for extended multi-residue monitoring. However, the high stability of PFCs leads to a relatively poor and non-specific fragmentation pathway in MS/MS. In addition, biliary acid-interfering compounds (e.g. taurochenodeoxycholic acid), which where encountered in the present case in fish samples but that may be present in other biological samples, were found particularly disturbing in low-resolution MS/MS. Indeed, these interferences presented the same retention time and diagnostic signals as PFOS, leading to a possible overestimation of the PFOS quantification in LC-MS/MS. On the other hand, high-resolution MS and MS/MS (LTQ-Orbitrap and Q-TOF) provided better results in terms of signal specificity and sensitivity. For instance, the estimated limits of detection (LOD) reached for PFOS on QqQ, Q-TOF and LTQ-Orbitrap instruments were 3.8, 0.7 and 0.5 pg injected, respectively.
ONIRIS, USC 2013 LABERCA, Atlanpole - La Chantrerie, BP 50707, Nantes F-44307, France.
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‎10-15-2021 11:23 AM
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