on 05-01-201210:42 AM - edited on 10-15-202112:02 PM by Closed Account
Walther DM, Mann M. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2011 Feb;10(2):M110.004523. The biological process of aging is believed to be the result of an accumulation of cellular damage to biomolecules. Although there are numerous studies addressing mutation frequencies, morphological or transcriptional changes in aging mammalian tissues, few have measured global changes at the protein level. Here, we present an in depth proteomic analysis of three brain regions as well as heart and kidney in mice aged 5 or 26 months, using stable isotope labeling of whole animals (SILAC mouse) and high resolution mass spectrometry. In the frontal cortex and hippocampal regions of the brain, more than 4200 proteins were quantitatively compared between age groups. Proteome differences between individual mice were observable within and between age groups. However, mean protein abundance changes of more than twofold between young and old mice were detected in less than 1% of all proteins and very few of these were statistically significant. Similar outcomes were obtained when comparing cerebellum, heart, and kidney between age groups. Thus, unexpectedly, our results indicate that aging-related effects on the tissue proteome composition at the bulk level are only minor and that protein homeostasis remains functional up to a relatively high age.